Rubella and HIV

Rubella and HIV
Rubella and HIV can be transferred between mother and baby during pregnancy, so it is important to be tested if you think you have either.

Rubella (German Measles)

If you catch rubella during the first four months of pregnancy your baby can be seriously harmed. If you are pregnant and have rubella, or have been in contact with someone else who is affected, contact your doctor immediately. Most children are immunised against rubella.


If you know you are HIV positive, there are ways in which you can minimise the risk of passing HIV to your baby:
Bullet Take antiretroviral drugs after the first three to four months of pregnancy and during labour
Bullet Have a caesarean section
BulletProvide the baby with a course of antiretroviral therapy after birth
Bullet Do not breastfeed.

With all interventions, the rate of transmission from mother to child can be reduced from 25 to 40 per cent to as low as two per cent.

It is important to get tested if you think there is any possibility that you have HIV. Genitourinary medicine (GUM) or sexual health clinics provide HIV tests free of charge on a confidential basis. Many organisations offer advice and support for those affected by HIV. Support ranges from offering education, training and volunteering opportunities to people living with HIV to advice, support and information on employment and personal development.

BulletNational AIDS helpline: 08000 567 123
BulletTerrence Higgins Trust: 0207 242 1010 - the Terence Higgins Trust helps support people in the UK who are living with AIDS
BulletPositively Women: 0207 713 0222 - a national charity which provids support for women living with HIV by women living with HIV

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